Participative management is a tool that is used to motivate the employees. When subordinates are involved in decision-making at all levels it is known as participation. According to New-storm and Davis, ‘participation is the mental and emotional involvement of people in group situations that encourages them to contribute to group goals and share responsibility for them’.
- Participation involves mental as well as emotional involvement of the employees.
- It instills teamwork among the employees.
- It is a motivational technique.
- An employee can identify his own strengths as well as weaknesses.
- It is an all-pervasive function.
- Employees become better through contribution in the decision-making process.
The participation of workers can be applied under various methods, such as participation at board level, through work committees and quality circles.
Whatever be the nature, participation can give the following significant results:
- Participation tends to improve motivation because employees feel more involved and committed to the organizational tasks.
- Their self-esteem, job satisfaction, and cooperation with the higher authorities also improve.
- Participation can reduce stress and conflict among the employees.
- Employee turnover and absenteeism may reduce when employees realize that they are a part of the organization.
- It can boost up the morale of the employees.
- The values and dignity of employees are protected through participation.
- The mental and physical health of employees can be improved by minimizing the effect of alienation at work place.
- It is a democratic process in contradiction to authoritarian organization.
- A sense of self-respect can be inculcated among every employee.10. Finally, the act of participation in itself establishes better communication, as employees mutually discuss all problems.