Generally, it is believed that we have in a group based on our perception of others. And that is why to improve communication in a group it is important to develop the perception of an individual in the group.
Johari window model is based upon two things – to acquire the trust of others by revealing your information to them and by learning about yourself through feedback by others.
Johari Window is a technique for improving self-awareness within an individual. It helps in understanding your relationship with yourself and others. Johari Window model can be a useful tool if you want to improve your communication skills.
It was developed by American psychologists Joseph Luft and Harry Ingham in 1955, hence the name Johari. Johari Window is generally used in Self-help groups in exercises which help a person to learn and discover things about themselves, like heuristic exercise.
The Johari window model is used to enhance the individual’s perception on others. This model is based on two ideas- trust can be acquired by revealing information about you to others and learning yourselves from their feedbacks. Each person is represented by the Johari model through four quadrants or window pane. Each four window panes signifies personal information, feelings, motivation and whether that information is known or unknown to oneself or others in four viewpoints.
Johari Window Model Description
There are four questions in the model just like panes in a window and each person fits into one of this pane. Each window in Johari window model signifies feelings, personal information, and motivation.
Also, the important point to know here is that through window panes one must determine whether one is known or unknown to oneself as well as the others.
1. Open Area or Arena
This area or pane is called open area because the information in this pane about the behavior, feelings, emotions about the person is known to that person itself as well as the other members in this group.
In this arena, all the communication occurs through a two-way process. Such that the person socializes about himself with others and constantly receives feedback from the other members of the group. As a result, the group becomes more effective and the relationship in this group is very dynamic.
In this group, the process of feedback solicitation is very common. This process occurs in the group that has an understanding and the feedbacks of the other person are heard.
So, the open area through this group can be increased horizontally such that the blindspot area is reduced and vertically it is increased so that the hidden and unknown areas of a person are reduced when that person reveals about his feeling to the other person.
2. Blindspot or BlindSelf
Blindspot is the area in which the certain information on your personality is known to others but that information is not known to you.
In simple terms, other people may interpret your personality different than you might have expected. For efficient communication, this area must be reduced.
One way to do it is through feedback that you get from other members in the group.
3. Hidden Area or Hidden Self
Hidden area is the information that you hide from others. Here, the information is known to you but the others are unknown to this information.
The reason for this may be the information might be personal to you so that you are reluctant to share it with others. This includes secrets, past experiences, feelings, etc. Many people keep their information private and do not share it with others.
4. Unknown Areas or Unknown Self
In this area, the information is unknown to you as well as the others. Generally, certain feelings, talents, information, etc fall in this area.
The reason for this might be some traumatic experience in the past about a particular event or experiences which might be unknown for your ever.
The person, as well as the group, is unaware about this till he or she discovers it. One way to reduce this area is through open communication.