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4PL, 7PL, 9PL

Fourth Party Logistic Model (4PL) The manufacturer does not only outsource the organisation of its logistic tasks to third parties, but also the management thereof. Fourth party logistic service providers […]

Control and Communication

Nowadays everybody talks about communication. HR talks about communication with employees, Sales talks about communication with customers, Marketing talks about communication with potential customers, but actually nobody talks about communication in […]

Packing and Unitization

Packaging The packaging industry is evolving. We now know that packaging no longer refers to a box or a carton, but rather to a coordinated system of preparing goods for […]

Warehousing and Inventory Management

A simple definition of a warehouse is: ‘A warehouse is a planned space for the storage and handling of goods and material.’ In general, warehouses are focal points for product […]

Transportation and Containerization

Transportation Supply Chain Management (SCM) can be divided into three main areas: purchasing, manufacturing, and transport. From end to end, this includes decisions about which input materials to use, production […]

Logistic Framework: Concepts, Objective and Scope

Basic logistical service is measured in terms of: (1) Availability (2) Operational Performance (3) Service Reliability (1) Availability Availability means having inventory to consistently meet customer material or product requirements. […]

Global Retailing

Global Retailing Trends: No doubt that organized retailing in developed world is far ahead than in India. According to estimates, over 80% of all retail sales in the USA is […]

Channel Selection and Management

A company has to consider factors related to the market and customers, its own situation, the product and the competitive environment. All these factors have a strong bearing on the […]

Channel objectives and Constraints

Channel objectives should be stated in terms of the desired service level of target customers. Usually, a company can identify several segments wanting different levels of channel service. The company should decide which […]

Sourcing Internationally

Many companies buy product packaging from suppliers overseas. There are many benefits to doing so, but there also are risks, notes Adam Brosch, director of global sourcing and custom tooling […]

Managing networks and relationship

Selling and Marketing is no longer the same what it used to be few decades ago. Traditional methods of sales and promotions have long been relegated to history. Technology, Internet […]

Information Distortion in SCM, Bullwhip effect

The tendency of information communicated within and between individuals and organizations to be altered, omitted, or re-organized as it is communicated. It includes a range of alterations from error in […]