CPM/U5 Topic 7 Key Project Management Process (PMBOK)
Project Management Process Groups
PMBOK officially recognizes 47 typical project management processes, which can be organized into five main process groups, collectively known as IPECC:
- Initiating Group: Includes processes such as developing the project charter, identifying stakeholders, and controlling stakeholder engagement.
- Planning Group: Everything having to do with planning, such as determining the budget, creating the WBS, and defining scope.
- Executing Group: Processes involved with executing the project plan, including managing communications, conducting procurements, and managing the project team.
- Controlling Group: Processes that track and oversee progress, including those that control scope, cost, and quality.
- Closing Group: Everything necessary to complete a project, such as closing a project phase or closing procurements.
The 10 Project Management Knowledge Areas
Those project management processes can also be organized into ten knowledge areas:
- Project Communication Management
Processes that disseminate information among team members and external stakeholders, ensuring that information is exchanged continuously, and more importantly, understood by all concerned.
- Project Cost Management
Processes regarding budgets, funding, spending allocation, and timing. Cost management is dependent on activity estimates from time management.
- Project Human Resources Management
Processes involving managing your project team, like sourcing, hiring, assigning roles, professional development, and fostering team spirit.
- Project Integration Management
Processes necessary to define, consolidate, and coordinate all the other processes and project management activities. These processes are key to setting expectations and keeping communication lines open.
- Project Procurement Management
Processes for planning, budgeting, and purchasing resources — whether physical or informational — in order to complete work.
- Project Quality Management
Processes that define the success of a project or criteria for considering the project complete. Quality is managed at every stage of the project from planning to the continuous performance improvement.
- Project Risk Management
Processes involved with preparing for and managing unexpected risks.
- Project Scope Management
Processes managing the scope or parameters of a project. These processes ensure that the scope is well-defined and that all requirements remain within the scope limits.
- Project Stakeholder Management
Processes involved with identifying who will be impacted by the project and managing relationships with them, including strategies for collaborating with stakeholders on project direction and execution.
- Project Time Management
Processes needed to ensure the project is completed before the specified deadline.