Introduction to custom duties, Types, Calculation and related issues
Every good has a predefined rate of duty that is determined based on various factors, including where such good was acquired, where such goods were made, and what these goods is made of. Also, anything that you bring into India for the first time should be declared as per the customs rules. For instance, you need to declare the items purchased in a foreign country and any gifts which you acquire outside India.
Types of custom duties
Customs duties are charged almost universally on every good which are imported into a country. These are divided into:
- Basic Customs Duty (BCD)
- Countervailing Duty (CVD)
- Additional Customs Duty or Special CVD
- Protective Duty,
- Anti-dumping Duty
- Education Cess on Custom Duty
How is the customs duty computed?
Customs duties are computed on a specific or ad valorem basis. In other words, it is calculated on the value of goods. Such value is determined as per the rules laid down in the Customs Valuation (Determination of Value of Imported Goods) Rules, 2007. If there are doubts regarding the truth or accuracy of the value of goods, valuation of such item is done through the following method:
- Rule 4 & 5: Comparative value method that compares the transaction value of identical or similar items
- Rule 7: Deductive value method that uses sale price of such good in the importing country
- Rule 8: Computed value method that employs costs related to materials, fabrication, and profit in the country of production
- Rule 9: The Fallback method that is based on previous methods with an element of higher flexibility.
Payment of custom duty
One can pay customs duty online with a few simple steps:
- Login into the e-payment portal of ICEGATE
- Enter the import or export code or simply key in the login credentials provided by ICEGATE
- Now, click on the e-payment button
- You would be able to check all e-challans which under your name
- You could then choose the challan that you wish to pay and select the payment method and you would be then redirected to the payment gateway
- Once the payment is done, you would be redirected back to the ICEGATE portal
- Finally, click on the print button and save your payment copy.
In recent years, India witnessed major reforms in the taxation system via digitalization. From Income Tax to GST, most of the things are now available online. To ensure ease of doing business, the CBIC (Central Board of Indirect taxes and Customs), has launched e-SANCHIT, which enables registered persons to file their customs related documents online. The e-SANCHIT initiative is made mandatory from March 15th this year. Only the ICEGATE registered users can use the e-SANCHIT application by accessing e-SANCHIT link.
Under this new scheme, hard copies of the uploaded documents are not required to be produced to the assessing officers. The objective here is to minimize the physical interface between the customs agencies and trade and to maximize the pace of clearance.