Fixed Position Layout
This type of layout is the least important for today’s manufacturing industries. In this type of layout the major component remain in a fixed location, other materials, parts, tools, machinery, man power and other supporting equipment’s are brought to this location.
The major component or body of the product remain in a fixed position because it is too heavy or too big and as such it is economical and convenient to bring the necessary tools and equipment’s to work place along with the man power. This type of layout is used in the manufacture of boilers, hydraulic and steam turbines and ships etc.
(i) Material movement is reduced
(ii) Capital investment is minimized.
(iii) The task is usually done by gang of operators, hence continuity of operations is ensured
(iv) Production centers are independent of each other. Hence, effective planning and loading can be made. Thus total production cost will be reduced.
(v) It offers greater flexibility and allows change in product design, product mix and production volume.
(i) Highly skilled man power is required.
(ii) Movement of machines equipment’s to production centre may be time consuming.
(iii) Complicated fixtures may be required for positioning of jobs and tools. This may increase the cost of production.