MIS is the use of information technology, people, and business processes to record, store and process data to produce information that decision makers can use to make day to day decisions.
MIS is the acronym for Management Information Systems. In a nutshell, MIS is a collection of systems, hardware, procedures and people that all work together to process, store, and produce information that is useful to the organization.
The Need for MIS
The following are some of the justifications for having an MIS system
- Decision makers need information to make effective decisions. Management Information Systems (MIS) make this possible.
- MIS systems facilitate communication within and outside the organization: Employees within the organization are able to easily access the required information for the day to day operations. Facilitates such as Short Message Service (SMS) & Email make it possible to communicate with customers and suppliers from within the MIS system that an organization is using.
- Record keeping: Management information systems record all business transactions of an organization and provide a reference point for the transactions.
Components of MIS
The major components of a typical management information system are;
- People: People who use the information system
- Data: The data that the information system records
- Business Procedures: Procedures put in place on how to record, store and analyze data
- Hardware: These include servers, workstations, networking equipment, printers, etc.
- Software: These are programs used to handle the data. These include programs such as spreadsheet programs, database software, etc.