Advantages of Air Transport
The following are the main advantages:
- High Speed
It is the fast speed means of transport. Passengers and goods can be transported easily from one place to the other.
- Minimum Cost
Unlike railways and road transport, there is no need to spend money on the construction of any track or road, only airports have to be constructed.
- Strategic Importance
An airway has great strategic importance. It can be used for internal and external security.
- Easy transport of costly and light goods
It is quite convenient to send costly, light and perishable goods through air transport.
- Free from physical barriers
Air transport is free from physical barriers like river, mountains and valleys etc.
- Useful for Agriculture
Air transport is useful for aerial spray on pests and insects which cause harm to crops.
- Useful in natural calamities
During earth quake, flood, accidents and famine air transport is used for rescue operations.
Disadvantages of Air Transport
The following are the disadvantages:
- High Costs
Air transport is a costly service. Its operational costs are too high. Middle class and poor people can not affect its cash.
- More Risks
Air transport is prone to accidents. A small mistake can be very dangerous for passengers. Hijacking of planes is easily possible.
- Huge Investments
For creating aviation facilities, huge investments are required. The cost of aero planes, construction and maintenance of aerodromes and control mechanism needs a capital expenditure.