Fundamental Interpersonal Relations Orientation (FIRO) is a theory of interpersonal relations, introduced by William Schutz in 1958. This theory mainly explains the interpersonal interactions of a local group of people. The theory is based on the belief that when people get together in a group, there are three main interpersonal needs they are looking to obtain – affection/openness, control and inclusion. Schutz developed a measuring instrument that contains six scales of nine-item questions, and this became version B (for “Behavior”). This technique was created to measure how group members feel when it comes to inclusion, control, and affection/openness or to be able to get feedback from people in a group.
The FIRO-B instrument identifies three areas of interpersonal need.
This need indicates how individuals generally include other people in their life and how much attention, contact, and recognition they want from others. Inclusions is about them in relation to groups – small or large.
This need indicates how much influence and responsibility an individual want and how much they want others to lead and influence them. Control is about both their one-to-one relationships and their behavior as part of a group.
This need indicates how close and warm someone is with others and how close and warm they want others to be with them. Affection is about the need to establish comfortable one-to-one relationships (whereas Inclusion measures your needs for interacting with groups).
USES FOR FIRO-B
(i) Team Building: Can be integrated in team-building initiatives and communication workshops by building success on the fundamental awareness that different people have different needs
(ii) Leadership Development: help leaders and executives unlock improvement in performance by better meeting the needs of peers
(iii) Individual Development: provides critical insights into how an individual’s need for inclusion, control and affection can shape their interaction with others.