Types of Operating system
- Batch Operating System
- Multitasking/Time Sharing OS
- Multiprocessing OS
- Real Time OS
- Distributed OS
- Network OS
- Mobile OS
1. Batch Operating System
Some computer processes are very lengthy and time-consuming. To speed the same process, a job with a similar type of needs are batched together and run as a group.
The user of a batch operating system never directly interacts with the computer. In this type of OS, every user prepares his or her job on an offline device like a punch card and submit it to the computer operator.
2. Multi-Tasking/Time-sharing Operating systems
Time-sharing operating system enables people located at a different terminal(shell) to use a single computer system at the same time. The processor time (CPU) which is shared among multiple users is termed as time sharing.
3. Real time OS
A real time operating system time interval to process and respond to inputs is very small. Examples: Military Software Systems, Space Software Systems.
4. Distributed Operating System
Distributed systems use many processors located in different machines to provide very fast computation to its users.
5. Network Operating System
Network Operating System runs on a server. It provides the capability to serve to manage data, user, groups, security, application, and other networking functions.
6. Mobile OS
Mobile operating systems are those OS which is especially that are designed to power smartphones, tablets, and wearables devices.
Some most famous mobile operating systems are Android and iOS, but others include BlackBerry, Web, and watchOS.
Difference between 32-Bit vs. 64 Bit Operating System
|Parameters||32. Bit||64. Bit|
|Architecture and Software||Allow 32 bit of data processing simultaneously||Allow 64 bit of data processing simultaneously|
|Compatibility||32-bit applications require 32-bit OS and CPUs.||64-bit applications require a 64-bit OS and CPU.|
|Systems Available||All versions of Windows 8, Windows 7, Windows Vista, and Windows XP, Linux, etc.||Windows XP Professional, Vista, 7, Mac OS X and Linux.|
|Memory Limits||32-bit systems are limited to 3.2 GB of RAM.||64-bit systems allow a maximum 17 Billion GB of RAM.|
The advantage of using Operating System
- Allows you to hide details of hardware by creating an abstraction
- Easy to use with a GUI
- Offers an environment in which a user may execute programs/applications
- The operating system must make sure that the computer system convenient to use
- Operating System acts as an intermediary among applications and the hardware components
- It provides the computer system resources with easy to use format
- Acts as an intermediator between all hardware’s and software’s of the system
Disadvantages of using Operating System
- If any issue occurs in OS, you may lose all the contents which have been stored in your system
- Operating system’s software is quite expensive for small size organization which adds burden on them. Example Windows
- It is never entirely secure as a threat can occur at any time