Strategic management of human resources represents a transformation that is relatively new in the field of human resource management. An important role of strategic human resource management is about focusing the management in employees as a tool to gain competitive advantage. Now, organizations are made aware that successful human resources policies and practices of appropriate can increase performance in various areas such as productivity, quality and financial performance.
Performance management is a planned process in which key elements are different measurement, feedback, positive reinforcement and ongoing dialogue between managers and employees. It has to do with measurement results in the form of performance achieved in comparison with the expectations expressed as objectives. Also, it has to do with the inputs and values. Inputs are the knowledge, skills and behaviors necessary to produce the expected results. Needs are identified by defining these requirements and evaluate the degree to which the expected levels of performance are achieved through effective use of knowledge and skills, appropriate behavior.
Performance management strategy has to do with all the business and not just the managers. So managers are not only responsible for delivering the required performance. Managers should have the confidence to distribute authority and responsibility throughout the organization. In a sense, managers need to collaborate and consider as part of their own people in order to report on achieving the required performance. Managers and their teams are jointly responsible for the results and are both involved in agreeing what they should do and how they should do it. Performance management processes are part of sweeping across the organization. Managers and other employees of the organization should work together to jointly commit to achieving the performance.
Performance management strategy should focus on the development to a continuous and flexible process involving managers and all the organization that operate as a single team. This should determine how they can best work together to achieve the required results. This makes it possible to focus on the planning of future performance and performance improvements existing. HRM Strategy provides the basis for regular dialogue and frequent between managers and other employees about performance needs and further development of the organization. Strategic human resource management may bring a number of benefits to the organization :
- Contributing to the goal accomplishment and the survival of the company,
- Supporting and successfully implementing business strategies of the company,
- Creating and maintaining a competitive advantage for the company,
- Improving the responsiveness and innovation potential of the company,
- Increasing the number of feasible strategic options available to the company,
- Participating in strategic planning and influencing the strategic direction of the company as an equally entitled member of top management
- Improving cooperation between the HRM department and line managers.