The investor life cycle refers to the different stages of investment ownership, from the initial purchase, to the sale of the investment. The most commonly used investor life cycle includes the accumulation phase, the consolidation phase and the spending and gifting phases. The asset allocation decisions are usually different at the various stages of the investor life cycle. We have all heard that we should invest in more equities at an early age. But while age is important for asset allocation, its importance is relevant only because our conditions and resources change over time. Individuals at different stages of the investor life cycle can be of the same age, but would still need to have different asset allocation strategies.
Investor early or middle to their career tries to accumulate fund so that individual can have money to spend in the later phase of their life. Some people accumulate the fund to buy house, car or other important assets and some people accumulate for their children’s education cost, life peaceful life after retirement.
Funds invested in the early phase of life gives an investor a huge amount of fund which is compounding over the years
Consolidation phase is the midpoint of their career, in this phase, they earn more, spends more and pay off all their debts. In this phase moderately high risk taken by the investor but for capital reservation some investor prefer lower risk investor. Individual invest in the capital market and investment securities.
This phase starts when an individual retires from the job. Their overall portfolio is to be less risky than the consolidation phase; they prefer low risky investment or risk-free investment. People prefer fixed income securities like a bond, debenture, treasury bills etc. In this phase, they need some risky investor if they have extra money so that future inflation can be adjusted.
If individuals believe that they have enough extra funds to meet their current and future expenses then they go for gifting money to their friends, family members or establish charitable trusts. These can reduce their income taxes and they also keep some fun for future uncertainties.
Over the different phase, investor behaves differently and invest in their preferred sector according to their risk-taking behavior.