Tax Considerations in respect of Specific Financial and Managerial Decisions: Deemed Dividend

  10(34) : Exempted of Dividend 115O : DDT 194 : TDS
2(22)(a) to (d) Applicable Applicable Not Applicable
2(22)(e) Not Applicable Not Applicable Applicable

1. General Meaning of Dividend :It is the sum received by the Shareholders of a Company on the distribution of its profits. However Sec. 2(22) define dividend which are notionally or by friction of law is treated as dividend.

2. Dividend Is not impressed with character of Profit :   ‘Dividend’ in its ordinary connotation means the sum paid to or received  by a shareholder proportionate to his shareholding in a company out of the total sum distributed.  Dividend distributed by a Company being a share of its profits declared as distributable among the shareholders, is not impressed with the character of the profits from which it reaches the hands of the shareholders.

3. A Dividend u/s 205 of the Companies Act can be paid only out of the profits of a company whether for that year or out of the profits of the company for any previous financial years as set out in that section, and in the manner set out in that section.

4. While reading Sec.2(22) stress on these sentences particularly the italicized words :

(a) To the extent to which distribution is attributable to the accumulated profits.

(b)  To the extent to which the company Possesses accumulated profits.

(c)  Distribution which entail the release of company’s assets.

5. As per sec. 2(22) following payments or distribution are not treated as dividend..

(a) Any payment made by a company on purchase of its own shares from a shareholder in accordance with the provisions of Sec. 77A of the Companies Act, 1956.

(b) Any distribution of shares pursuant to a demerger by the resulting company to the shareholders of the demerged Company ( whether or not there is a reduction of capital in the demerged Company).


(1) Any distribution

(2) By a company

(3) Of accumulated profits, whether capitalized or not

(4) If such contribution entails the release by the company to its shareholders of all or any part of the assets of the company.

Note :

1. Computation of accumulated profits : Accumulated Profits means commercial profit upto the date of distribution and it comprises of :

  1. Current Profit including Capital Gain
  2. General Reserve , Investment allowance reserve etc.
  3. Tax Free incomes including agricultural income.

But does not include…

  1. Provisions of taxation and dividend
  2. Depreciation Reserve
  3. Revaluation Reserve.

2. What is Capitalized Accumulated Profits :  Where the Accumulated Profit is capitalized by issue of Bonus Shares.

3. What do you mean by release of Company’s Assets. Where the distribution is made in cash or in kind to the shareholders – it means there is a release of company’s assets.

4.  When  the Assets are distributed u/s 2(22)(a), the market value of the assets on the date of distribution is taken for computing dividend. No Capital gain arises since it is a Gift.

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