Cultural and Educational Rights, Economic Rights
Cultural and Educational Rights
- The democracy is based upon the wishes of the majority. In this system, the right and interest of the minorities need to be protected by developing a mechanism that cannot be changed prejudicially by the majority.
- Therefore in a democratic country, Special Protection is provided in the constitution to preserve and develop the language, culture, and religion of minorities.
- Any section of citizens with a distinct language or culture has the right to conserve its language, culture, and religious practices.
- Articles 29 and 30 provide Cultural and Educational Rights, which states that all minorities, religious or linguistic groups, having a distinct language, script or culture of its own can set up their own educational institutions in order to preserve and develop their language, script, or culture.
1. Right to Work:
Right to work is essential for the good living and the fulfillment of the various needs of the person. Every modern state tries to give the right to work to its people.
- Right to Adequate Wages:
A person has the right not only to work but also the right to be paid adequate wages for his labour. For this purpose, state fixes minimum wages according to the quality and quantity of work. Wage is always regarded as a reward for the work done.
- Right to Property:
Right to property is as natural to man as family. It means the right to retain the surplus wealth or money and purchase immovable or movable property. Property contributes towards the growth of culture and civilization. Right to property is a natural corollary of right to adequate wages.
- Right to Rest and Leisure:
After working for some hours and days man needs rest because he is not a machine which can work continuously. Therefore, the state gives the right to rest and leisure which enables the workers to protect their health. For this purpose state Fixes working hours, makes provisions for a break or interval between the working hours, establishes rest houses etc.
- Right to Economic and Social Security:
In a modern welfare state, citizens are also given the right to economic and social security. State provides security in case of old age, sickness, unemployment etc. Most of the states give old age pensions, unemployment allowances, benefits of provident fund, financial helps during illnesses or accidents or natural calamities.
- Right to fixed hours of Work:
The modern state also fixes the hours of work per day. No one can be forced to work for more than fixed hours.