Questionnaire refers to a research instrument, in which a series of question, is typed or printed along with the choice of answers, expected to be marked by the respondents, used for survey or statistical study. It consists of aformalisedd set of questions, in a definite order on a form, which are mailed to the respondents or manually delivered to them for answers. The respondents are supposed to read, comprehend and give their responses, in the space provided.
A ‘Pilot Study’ is advised to be conducted to test the questionnaire before using this method. A pilot survey is nothing but a preliminary study or say rehearsal to know the time, cost, efforts, reliability and so forth involved in it.
The interview is a data collection method wherein a direct, in-depth conversation between interviewer and respondent takes place. It is carried out with a purpose like a survey, research, and the like, where both the two parties participate in the one to one interaction. Under this method, oral-verbal stimuli are presented and replied by way of oral-verbal responses.
It is considered as one of the best methods for collecting data because it allows two way exchange of information, the interviewer gets to know about the respondent, and the respondent learns about the interviewer. There are two types of interview:
- Personal Interview: A type of interview, wherein there is a face to face question-answer session between the interviewer and interviewee, is conducted.
- Telephonic Interview: This method involves contacting the interviewee and asking questions to them on the telephone itself.
|Meaning||Questionnaire implies a form consisting of a series of written or printed multiple choice questions, to be marked by the informants.||Interview is a formal conversation between the interviewer and respondent wherein the two participates in the question answer session.|
|Questions||Closed Ended||Open Ended|
|Order of questions||Cannot be changed, as they are written in an appropriate sequence.||Can be changed as per need and preference.|
|Time||Informant’s own time||Real time|
|Communication||One to many||One to one|
|Identity of respondent||Unknown||Known|