The E-Recruitment, also called as Online Recruitment, is the process of hiring the potential candidates for the vacant job positions, using the electronic resources, particularly the internet.
Nowadays, companies make use of the internet to reach a large number of job seekers and hire the best talent for the company at a less cost, as compared to the physical recruitment process.
E-Recruitment includes the entire process of finding the prospective candidates, assessing, interviewing and hiring them, as per the job requirement. Through this, the recruitment is done more effectively and efficiently.
Generally, the job vacancies are advertised on the world wide web (www), where the applicants attach their CV or resume, to get recognized by the potential recruiters or the employers.
The companies undertake their online promotional activities via their official websites, wherein the complete information about the corporation is enclosed. Through this information, the prospective candidate could decide whether to be a part of a firm or not. Thus, the firm’s official website is considered to be an essential element of E-Recruitment.
Advantages of E-Recruitment
- Low cost per candidate, as compared to the physical recruitment process.
- Wide geographical coverage, i.e. the candidates can be hired from any part of the world.
- Beneficial for both the employer and the job seeker, the corporations can find the prospective candidates through their CVs attached to world wide web, and similarly, the candidates can search the employer through their job vacancy advertisement posted on the internet.
- Less time required in hiring the potential candidate for the firm.
- Right people for the right job can be easily found through E-Recruitment, by matching the candidate’s CVs with the job profile.
- The recruitment process becomes more efficient and easy to record details of the applicant.
Disadvantages of E-Recruitment
- There is low and no access and lack of awareness of internet in many locations across India.
- Screening and expertise mapping and validness of million of resumes is an issue and tedious exercise for associations.
- Organizations cannot be dependant solely and totally on the online recruitment methods.
The E-Recruitment software and systems are available, through which the entire recruitment process becomes automated. One of the systems is the Recruitment Management System, which is a portal that involves hiring the candidates online and each step involved in the recruitment process is automatized.
TECHNIQUES OF E–RECRUITMENT
E-recruitment ought to be consolidated into the general recruitment procedure of the organization.
A well defined and organized candidate tracking system ought to be incorporated and the framework ought to have a back-end support.
With back-office bolster a thorough site to get and process work applications (through immediate or web based publicizing) should be developed.
In India, the HR processes are being outsourced from more than a decade now. A company may draw required personnel from outsourcing firms. The outsourcing firms help the organization by the initial screening of the candidates according to the needs of the organization and creating a suitable pool of talent for the final selection by the organization.
Outsourcing firms develop their human resource pool by employing people for them and make available personnel to various companies as per their needs. In turn, the outsourcing firms or the intermediaries charge the organisations for their services.
Advantages of outsourcing are
- Company need not plan for human resources much in advance.
- Value creation, operational flexibility and competitive advantage
- Turning the management’s focus to strategic level processes of HRM
- Company is free from salary negotiations, weeding the unsuitable resumes/candidates.
- Company can save a lot of its resources and time.
“Buying talent” (rather than developing it) is the latest mantra being followed by the organizations today. Poaching means employing a competent and experienced person already working with another reputed company in the same or different industry; the organization might be a competitor in the industry.
A company can attract talent from another firm by offering attractive pay packages and other terms and conditions, better than the current employer of the candidate. But it is seen as an unethical practice and not openly talked about.
Indian software and the retail sector are the sectors facing the most severe brunt of poaching today. It has become a challenge for human resource managers to face and tackle poaching, as it weakens the competitive strength of the firm.