Project Team, Role and Responsibilities of Project Manager

Project Team

A project team is a group of individuals who come together to work on a specific project with a defined goal or outcome. These teams are often composed of people from various disciplines and backgrounds who bring their expertise to the project.

  • Composition: Project teams can consist of members from different departments, organizations, or even different geographic locations. Each member brings a unique set of skills and knowledge to contribute to the project’s success.
  • Roles and Responsibilities: In a project team, each member typically has specific roles and responsibilities that align with their expertise. Common roles include project manager, subject matter experts, designers, developers, testers, and more.
  • Project Manager: The project manager is responsible for overall project coordination, communication, and ensuring that the project stays on track. They facilitate collaboration among team members, manage timelines, allocate resources, and handle any issues that arise.
  • Cross-Functional Collaboration: Project teams often consist of members with diverse skills, such as technical, creative, managerial, and operational skills. Effective collaboration among these diverse roles is crucial for achieving project goals.
  • Clear Objectives: A project team usually works towards achieving specific objectives within a predetermined timeframe. These objectives could be creating a product, developing software, implementing a new process, conducting research, and more.
  • Communication: Effective communication within the team is essential to keep everyone informed about project progress, changes, and challenges. Regular meetings, updates, and documentation help ensure everyone is on the same page.
  • Project Lifecycle: Projects typically go through several stages, such as initiation, planning, execution, monitoring and control, and closure. The project team’s involvement spans these stages, with responsibilities changing as the project progresses.
  • Collaboration Tools: Project teams often use collaboration tools like project management software, communication platforms, document sharing tools, and version control systems to facilitate efficient teamwork, even when team members are geographically dispersed.
  • Conflict Resolution: With diverse backgrounds and opinions, conflicts can arise within project teams. Effective conflict resolution strategies are important to maintain a positive and productive team environment.
  • Project Success: The success of a project is measured by its ability to meet the defined goals within the allocated resources and time frame. A well-functioning project team greatly contributes to achieving this success.

13 Key Project Manager Roles and Responsibilities

Project Planning:

The project manager is responsible for creating a detailed project plan that outlines the project’s scope, objectives, tasks, timelines, and resources required for successful completion. This plan serves as a roadmap for the project’s execution.

Scope Management:

The project manager ensures that the project stays within the defined scope by closely monitoring any changes or additions to the project requirements. They work to prevent scope creep, which can lead to project delays and budget overruns.

Resource Allocation:

Project managers allocate the necessary resources, including human resources (team members), materials, equipment, and budget, to different project activities based on their priority and requirements.

Time Management:

Developing a project schedule, setting milestones, and tracking progress are crucial to ensure the project stays on track and meets its deadlines. The project manager manages time-related constraints and adjusts the schedule as needed.

Risk Management:

The project manager identifies potential risks that could affect the project’s success and develops strategies to mitigate or manage these risks. This involves planning for various scenarios and being prepared to handle unexpected challenges.


Effective communication is vital for project success. The project manager ensures clear and consistent communication among team members, stakeholders, and other relevant parties to keep everyone informed and aligned.

Stakeholder Management:

Identifying, engaging, and managing stakeholders throughout the project lifecycle is essential. The project manager ensures that stakeholders’ expectations are understood and managed, and that their feedback is considered.

Budget Management:

The project manager monitors and controls project expenditures to ensure that the project stays within the allocated budget. This involves tracking expenses, managing cost variances, and seeking approval for budget changes when necessary.

Quality Assurance:

Establishing and maintaining quality standards for project deliverables is crucial to ensure that the final product or service meets the desired level of quality. The project manager oversees quality control processes.

Team Leadership:

The project manager provides leadership to the project team, setting expectations, assigning tasks, and fostering a collaborative and motivated team environment. Effective leadership helps maximize team productivity and cohesion.

Issue and Conflict Resolution:

As issues and conflicts arise, the project manager takes the lead in addressing them. This involves identifying the root causes, finding solutions, and ensuring that the project stays on course despite challenges.

Change Management:

Projects often face changes in scope, schedule, or resources. The project manager evaluates the impact of these changes, communicates them to stakeholders, obtains necessary approvals, and manages their implementation.

Project Closure:

Once the project is near completion, the project manager ensures that all deliverables have been produced and that stakeholders are satisfied. They conduct a post-project review to assess what went well and what could be improved for future projects.

Here, we’ll describe five roles project manager, project team member, project sponsor, executive sponsor and business analyst and describe their associated duties.

Project Manager

The project manager plays a primary role in the project, and is responsible for its successful completion. The manager’s job is to ensure that the project proceeds within the specified time frame and under the established budget, while achieving its objectives. Project managers make sure that projects are given sufficient resources, while managing relationships with contributors and stakeholders.

Project manager duties:

  • Develop a project plan
  • Manage deliverables according to the plan
  • Recruit project staff
  • Lead and manage the project team
  • Determine the methodology used on the project
  • Establish a project schedule and determine each phase
  • Assign tasks to project team members
  • Provide regular updates to upper management

Project Team Member

Project team members form the core workforce that actively engages in the execution of one or more phases of a project. These individuals, drawn from both internal company resources and external consultants, dedicate their efforts either full-time or part-time to the project’s realization. Their roles encompass a wide spectrum of functions, often tailored to the specific demands of each unique project.

A project team member’s responsibilities encompass a range of vital contributions:

At the heart of their role is their pivotal contribution to the overarching project objectives. Their collective expertise and dedicated efforts amalgamate to advance the project toward successful fruition. By bringing their specialized skills to bear, these team members synergize their abilities, fostering an environment that maximizes productivity and innovation.

Individually, project team members are tasked with completing designated deliverables. These could range from intricate technical components to creative outputs, each piece playing an integral role in the overall project puzzle. This granularity ensures that even the minutest aspects are diligently attended to, ultimately contributing to the comprehensive success of the venture.

The multidisciplinary nature of project teams renders them a repository of expertise. Each team member is akin to a cog in a complex mechanism, with their unique proficiencies interlocking seamlessly to overcome challenges and capitalize on opportunities. This collective proficiency enables the project to draw from a diverse skill set, enriching its trajectory with multifaceted insights.

Beyond technical prowess, project team members often engage with end-users to comprehend and address precise business needs. This collaborative dialogue allows them to fine-tune project components in alignment with real-world demands. By establishing this user-centric approach, the team ensures that the project remains relevant, impactful, and tailored to meet genuine requirements.

As the project unfolds, meticulous documentation becomes paramount. Here, project team members meticulously chronicle their processes, decisions, and outcomes. This documentation not only preserves a record of the project’s evolution but also serves as a foundation for future endeavors. It offers insights into what worked, what challenges were surmounted, and what lessons were learned, equipping future projects with a valuable knowledge base.

Project Sponsor

A project sponsor is a key individual or entity within an organization who holds a vested interest in the successful execution and outcome of a project. The project sponsor plays a crucial role in providing the necessary support, resources, and guidance to ensure the project’s success. They act as advocates for the project and bridge the gap between the project team and higher-level management or stakeholders.

  • Support and Advocacy: The project sponsor champions the project by advocating for its importance and aligning it with the organization’s strategic goals. They provide a high-level perspective and actively communicate the project’s significance to ensure buy-in from stakeholders.
  • Resource Allocation: Project sponsors are responsible for allocating the necessary resources for the project. This includes financial resources, human resources, technology, and any other assets required to complete the project successfully.
  • Stakeholder Management: The sponsor identifies and engages key stakeholders, both internal and external, who have a vested interest in the project’s outcome. They ensure that stakeholders are informed and consulted throughout the project lifecycle.
  • Decision Making: Project sponsors play a pivotal role in making critical decisions, especially when it comes to project scope changes, budget adjustments, and resolving high-level conflicts that may affect the project’s trajectory.
  • Risk Management: Sponsors provide oversight on potential risks and risk mitigation strategies. They help prioritize risks and guide the project team in addressing them effectively.
  • Alignment with Organizational Goals: The project sponsor ensures that the project aligns with the organization’s overall strategy and objectives. They assess how the project contributes to the company’s mission and vision.
  • Communication: Effective communication is a vital aspect of the sponsor’s role. They communicate project updates, progress, challenges, and successes to both the project team and higher management.
  • Removing Roadblocks: Sponsors work to remove obstacles that hinder project progress. This might involve clearing bureaucratic hurdles, resolving conflicts, or providing additional support as needed.
  • Approval and Endorsement: Major project milestones and decisions often require approval from the project sponsor. Their endorsement carries significant weight and ensures that the project remains aligned with strategic priorities.
  • Continuous Engagement: The project sponsor maintains a consistent presence throughout the project’s lifecycle, offering guidance and support. They are not just involved during the initiation phase but throughout execution and even during project closure.
  • Accountability: While the project manager oversees the day-to-day operations, the sponsor maintains overall accountability for the project’s success. This accountability extends to ensuring that the project’s benefits are realized post-implementation.

Executive Sponsor

An executive sponsor, also known as an executive project sponsor, is a senior-level individual within an organization who assumes a prominent and influential role in supporting and championing a specific project. Executive sponsors are typically high-ranking leaders, such as C-level executives or department heads, who provide strategic direction, resources, and advocacy for the project’s success. Their role is vital in ensuring that the project is aligned with the organization’s overall goals and that it receives the necessary attention and support.

Key aspects of the executive sponsor role:

  • Strategic Alignment: Executive sponsors ensure that the project aligns with the organization’s strategic objectives and goals. They assess how the project fits into the broader organizational mission and vision.
  • Advocacy and Communication: One of the primary responsibilities of an executive sponsor is to advocate for the project at the highest levels of the organization. They communicate the project’s importance, benefits, and alignment with the organization’s priorities to other executives and stakeholders.
  • Resource Allocation: Executive sponsors provide the necessary resources, including budget, personnel, and technology, to support the project’s execution. They ensure that the project team has the tools and capabilities needed to succeed.
  • Decision Making: Executive sponsors are involved in major project decisions, especially those that have strategic implications or involve substantial changes to project scope, budget, or timelines.
  • Stakeholder Engagement: They engage with key stakeholders and ensure that their interests and concerns are considered throughout the project’s lifecycle. This might involve addressing stakeholder feedback or managing conflicts.
  • Risk Management: Executive sponsors play a role in assessing and mitigating high-level risks that could impact the project’s success. They work with the project team to establish risk management strategies.
  • Removing Obstacles: If there are organizational or bureaucratic barriers that could hinder the project’s progress, executive sponsors take action to remove those obstacles and facilitate smooth execution.
  • Endorsement and Accountability: Executive sponsors lend their endorsement to the project’s goals and ensure that the project team has the necessary authority and support to achieve those goals. They also hold ultimate accountability for the project’s success.
  • Visibility and Recognition: Executive sponsors bring visibility to the project within the organization. Their involvement highlights the project’s importance and can lead to increased recognition for the project team’s efforts.
  • Continuous Engagement: Throughout the project’s lifecycle, executive sponsors remain engaged and informed. They stay updated on project progress and provide guidance and support when needed.
  • Post-Implementation Support: Executive sponsors continue to support the project even after its completion, ensuring that the intended benefits are realized and that the project’s outcomes align with the initial goals.

Business Analyst

 A business analyst is a professional who plays a critical role in analyzing and understanding business needs, identifying opportunities for improvement, and translating those needs into actionable requirements for projects or initiatives. Business analysts act as a bridge between business stakeholders and technical teams, helping to ensure that projects are aligned with business goals and objectives.

  • Requirement Gathering: Business analysts engage with stakeholders, including business users, clients, and subject matter experts, to elicit and document their requirements. These requirements could involve processes, functionalities, or system capabilities.
  • Business Process Analysis: They analyze current business processes, workflows, and operations to identify inefficiencies, bottlenecks, and areas for optimization. This analysis helps identify opportunities for improvement.
  • Needs Assessment: Business analysts work to understand the underlying needs of the business, identifying what problems need to be solved, what goals need to be achieved, and what opportunities need to be seized.
  • Requirement Documentation: After gathering requirements, business analysts document them in a clear and structured manner. This documentation serves as a reference for project teams and ensures that everyone has a common understanding of what needs to be done.
  • Requirement Validation: Business analysts validate requirements with stakeholders to ensure accuracy and completeness. This helps prevent misunderstandings and scope changes during project execution.
  • Gap Analysis: They identify gaps between current and desired states, highlighting discrepancies that need to be addressed by the project. This analysis guides project decisions and solution development.
  • Solution Design: Business analysts collaborate with technical teams to design solutions that meet the documented requirements. They provide insights into how business needs can be translated into technical specifications.
  • Risk Assessment: Business analysts assess potential risks associated with proposed solutions or changes, helping stakeholders make informed decisions about potential challenges and mitigation strategies.
  • Change Management: They assist in managing the changes introduced by projects. This involves communicating changes to stakeholders, addressing resistance, and facilitating a smooth transition to the new solution.
  • Communication: Business analysts act as effective communicators between business stakeholders and technical teams. They ensure that requirements and expectations are clearly understood by both sides.
  • Testing and Validation: Business analysts often participate in testing activities to ensure that the developed solution meets the specified requirements. They collaborate with testing teams and stakeholders to validate functionality.
  • Training and Documentation: They contribute to training materials and user documentation to help users understand how to use the new solution effectively.
  • Continuous Improvement: Business analysts may be involved in post-implementation reviews to assess the success of the project and gather feedback for ongoing improvements.

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