Employee Selection is the process of picking or choosing the right candidate, who is most suitable for a vacant job position in an organization. In others words, selection can also be explained as the process of interviewing the candidates and evaluating their qualities, which are required for a specific job and then choosing the suitable candidate for the position.
The selection of a right applicant for a vacant position will be an asset to the organization, which will be helping the organization in reaching its objectives.
The Employee Selection Process
Announcing the Job
The employee selection process usually starts with a manager or boss commissioning human resources to fill a new or vacant position. The manager must first decide what qualifications she desires in a job candidate. For example, should the person have a college degree, or how many years of relevant experience is necessary? Once the manager establishes the job requirements, the human resources department places ads in the local newspaper and online. Sometimes, human resources uses a headhunter find candidates, someone who often specializes in a certain field, such as sales.
Review resumes and match each candidate’s background to the job requirements. Companies sometimes receive hundreds of resumes for an ad. However, human resources may only consider a half dozen. During bad economic periods, a number of candidates may have an education and experience that exceed the qualifications for the job. Contrarily, it may be tougher to find qualified candidates during good economic times. Nevertheless, human resources and the hiring manager must determine how many candidates they can realistically bring in for an interview.
To save time and money, interviewing may start with a screening interview, especially if a job candidate lives out of town. Human resources will usually conduct the screening interview over the telephone to help narrow the field of candidates. A telephone interview also helps a company determine if the candidate has the necessary qualifications to warrant flying him in for an interview.
Those who make the cut after the screening interview are asked to come in for face-to-face interviews. Companies have different procedures for personal interviews. Some companies prefer to have all-day interviewing sessions, where job candidates meet with a different person each hour. During this time, companies may have the candidates meet with human resources, the hiring manager and other employees. Another option is is having candidates meet with key personnel one day, then inviting them back for second to meet with some executives.
The hiring manager will usually ask for feedback from human resources and other employees who interviewed the job candidates. She may also review her notes and decide which candidate would fit best in the open position. Qualifications are only one consideration when filling a job opening. The hiring manager will usually select someone with whom she can work, whether it is the candidate’s personality or work ethic.
Before a candidate is actually hired, many companies require a drug test. Typically, candidates notify the tester of any prescription drugs he is taking, because these will show up in the results. If he tests positively for any other drugs, it could jeopardize his being hired. Employees who work in the insurance industry may need to take a psychological test to determine if insurance is the appropriate career choice for them. After the drug or personality test, the company makes an offer to the chosen candidate.